Ultrasound is employed in urology to examine various organs of the urogenital system in men, including the prostate, bladder, kidneys, and testicles. Through ultrasound examination, the physician gains insight into the structure, size, shape, and potential abnormalities or changes in the organs. Ultrasound is an integral part of diagnostic procedures in urology and is applied during routine urological check-ups.

How Does an Ultrasound Machine Work?

The ultrasound machine emits high-frequency sound waves of 2-18 MHz through an ultrasound probe, enabling visualization of the body's interior. These sound waves pass through the patient's skin and tissues, and upon encountering different tissue layers or organs within the body, part of these waves reflects back to the sensor on the ultrasound machine. The sensor receives the reflected sound waves, and then computer software processes the information, generating an image of the body's interior based on the received waves. The resulting image is typically black and white, depending on the machine's settings and diagnostic requirements. Once displayed on the monitor, physicians can examine and interpret the obtained imagery.

When is Ultrasound Used in Urology?

Ultrasound can be employed to assess the size, shape, and structure of the prostate, aiding in the detection of abnormalities such as enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia), tumors, cysts, or other changes. Ultrasound enables a detailed examination of the bladder to check for signs of inflammation or other issues. Additionally, ultrasound is used to examine the kidneys, revealing conditions such as sand, stones, cysts, tumors, or other changes. It can also be utilized to examine the testicles to detect changes such as cysts, tumors, or varicose veins.

At Uronova Center, Ultrasound Examination is Conducted for Diagnosing Peyronie's Disease.

Diagnosing Peyronie's Disease with Ultrasound

Ultrasound can be used as one of the methods to diagnose Peyronie's disease. Peyronie's disease is a condition that arises due to the formation of scars or plaques in penile tissue, leading to penile deformation or curvature during erection. Besides erection issues, Peyronie's disease is often accompanied by pain in the penile area. Ultrasound can assess blood flow in the penis. Moreover, ultrasound can visualize the interior of the penis to detect tissue changes, such as scars and plaques, which cause curvature in Peyronie's disease. After a comprehensive examination, a diagnosis is established, and appropriate therapy is recommended. Uronova Center treats Peyronie's disease with LiSWT therapy, which uses acoustic waves to degrade plaques and alleviate the disease's symptoms.

Is Ultrasound Examination Painless?

Ultrasound examination is non-invasive and entirely painless. During the examination, the patient lies on their back or side, and gel is applied to the skin to enhance sound wave conductivity. The physician then moves the ultrasound probe over the area under examination, and the image is displayed on the monitor for analysis. Ultrasound examination is often the initial step in the diagnostic process in urology. Based on the examination results, additional diagnostic procedures or therapeutic measures may be recommended.

When to Go for an Examination?

Regular urological check-ups are advisable, regardless of age. However, men aged 40-50 and above should particularly prioritize regular check-ups, ideally once a year, as reproductive health issues become more common during this period. Additionally, men should seek immediate examination if they notice any symptoms of Peyronie's disease, including penile curvature, pain during erection, erection difficulties, loss of penile length or girth, or difficulties in maintaining erection.